POSTCOLONIAL STUDY ON ALUN-ALUN AREA IN PROBOLINGGO CITY
"Probolinggo is a city that continues to grow since the pre-colonial era, then into the Dutch colonial era and became an important port city, and finally after independence of Indonesia, its influence has subsided somewhat, but it is still one of the port cities in the northern coast of East Java. There is a typical historical process from the fortress city, then it becomes a trading city that distributes commodities from Java to the outside world and vice versa. In this city there is alun-alun as a public space/open space of the city since the colonial period with a strong axis (axis) between the city to the port, which was then added to the train station with a large warehouse (called the fort). The research method used in this study is a qualitative research method, by looking at the development of the city and Probolinggo community participation in the process of change that occurs from time to time, the influence of power from a centralized to a more diffuse (diaspora) and deteritorialization/ reteritorialization concept. In practice, this study combines direct observation and document investigation. This deteritorialization and reteritorialization process in Alun-alun Probolinggo has shown how this city has developed from a Dutch colonial city into a dynamic postcolonial city, and can answer the spatial challenges of the present and the future. This square is able to combine syncretically between tradition and progress, between Probolinggo's local identity and global characteristics."
Handinoto (1997), Bentuk dan Struktur Kota Probolinggo Tipologi Sebuah Kota Administratif Belanda, Jurnal Dimensi
Handinoto (2010) Arsitektur dan Kota-kota di Jawa pada Masa Kolonial, Graha Ilmu, Yogyakarta.
Handinoto (2012) Sejarah Kota probolinggo 1746 – 1940; Ditinjau dari Sudut Bentuk dan Struktur Kotanya, Museum Probolinggo/Dinas Pemuda Olahraga Budaya dan Pariwisata Kota Probolinggo.
Widriyakara, YA; Anas Hidayat dan Lucia Ina Trisjanti (2016) Kajian Poskolonial Terhadap Kawasan Alun-alun Jember, Penelitian Dosen Pemula, Universitas Katolik Darma Cendika, Surabaya.
Priyantoko, Yoki Rendra (2010), Alun-alun di Pusat Kota Gemeente di Peisir Utara Jawa Pada Awal Abad XX Masehi, Skripsi Universitas Indonesia, Depok
Graham, Huggan (1995), Decolonizing The Map, dalam Achcroft, Bill (eds.), Postcolonial Reader, Routledge, London
Wang, Fang (2016) Beijing Urban Memory, Historic Buildings and Historic Areas, Central Axes and City Walls, Springer, Singapore
Widyarta, Mohammad Nanda (2007) Mencari Arsitektur Sebuah Bangsa, Sebuah Kisah Indonesia, Wastu Lanas Grafika, Surabaya
Mulyandari, Hestin (2011), Pengantar Arsitektur Kota, Penerbit Andi, Yogyakarta
Moleong, Lexy J (2004) Metode Penelitian Kualitatif, Remaja Rosda Karya, Bandung