VERNACULARISM OF MANTUIL WATER VILLAGE IN BANJARMASIN
A village generally grows and develops according to its character and its potential of environment and culture. The characteristics of wetlands and swamps illustrated by typo morphology of settlements, buildings, and environments are the manifestations of the uniqueness of the water villages in the city of Banjarmasin. Mantuil water village located on a delta in Bromo Island, Banjarmasin City, is a village that is entirely on the water. Access and circulation to this village can only be achieved through water transportation. Water-based local wisdom is a potential for mitigation and resilience of settlements which must be maintained. This vernacularism research uses a realism paradigm with a qualitative approach; a research with a basis of trust in real data and accountable sources. The findings of this study are the concept of vernacularism in Mantuil water village drawn from the components of the riverfront architecture and its relationship to the function and meaning of the river. The culture of river life is identified in the form of local identity, collective memory, and place attachment. There is the dependence of a place to live, water sources, access and transportation, sources of livelihood and ease of gathering with high kinship ties on the function of the river. There are aspects of resilience and disaster mitigation that must be improved for stability so that the sustainability of this water village can be maintained.
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