• Wisnu Setiawan
  • Amar


Violence conflicts occurred in Indonesia, in particular, West Kalimantan, were associated with ethno-communal motives. At some points, the incidents linked to the role of the built environment. A study in the local context conflicts could provide an opportunity for a better understanding. This paper aims to present the story of conflict in West Kalimantan, which mainly happened in Sambas, from the urban development perspective. It attempts to show the interplay between the conflicts and the urban/spatial development. Using case study approach, the research utilised three data collection techniques: deep guided interview, observation, and survey. It interviewed fifteen key persons representing four different stakeholders: government, planning practitioners, academics, and local leaders. It documents the built environment elements of the location. It distributed 200 questionnaires to check the perception of people toward conflicts and the built environment. The finding demonstrates that somehow communal conflicts have linked to four elements: ethnicity, land ownership, wealth, and social status. The built environment could promote a positive urban environment in mitigating potential conflicts in the future.


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How to Cite

Setiawan, W., & Amar. (2019). THE INTERACTION OF COMMUNITY CONFLICTS AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT IN WEST KALIMANTAN. SMART: Seminar on Architecture Research and Technology, 3, 137–147. Retrieved from