LOCAL WISDOM IN ARCHITECTURE OF VERNACULAR WATER SETTLEMENT OF BAJO PEOPLE IN CENTRAL SULAWESI
Settlements of the Bajo people are formed due to natural and geographical conditions that are very vulnerable to disasters. They build houses in the form of stilts, where part or all of them are above the water, using materials that are easily available in their environment, namely wood, bamboo, silar leaves, palm, and others. Initially settlements were formed by settlers because of the need for shelter and shelter. They choose shelter that can provide security with the family, so that coral islands that are close to the place that gives life are the choices. The group consisted of several families finally built a residential house around the mainland of the coral reef according to their local knowledge. In the development of settlers, there are increasing numbers, so that residential units grow and develop above the sea. The study uses a case study method with a qualitative approach, naturalistic data retrieval and inductive analysis techniques. Settlement architecture forms a one-way circular pattern surrounding the mainland of coral reefs or linear one and two-way where the road or tetean serves as access and public space is the center of orientation. Another orientation that is private is the sea so that the rooms in the back of the house face the sea. Settlement centers are mosques or mushollah as sacred and public spaces.
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